Publishing is an important pillar of the advancement of scientific knowledge and of science as a whole. Among its characteristics are
(a) the organization of an effective communication between scientists/scholars (between authors and all potential recipients, i.e. securing an adequate dissemination),
(b) a high degree of trustworthiness (e.g. with regard to priority, copyrights, authenticity, and quality of content) that is communicated to the users of publications (i.e. the scientists/scholars), and
(c) sustainability and verifiability (persistent citations, long-term availability, traceability of the steps on the way to publication).
The present catalog of criteria translates these general expectations of scientific publishing into concrete minimum requirements of Open Access Repositories and Publication Services. As platforms for the publication and presentation of scientific and scholarly works these represent important hubs in the scientific communication process. As Open Access services they facilitate the dissemination and democratization of knowledge.
The term Open Access Repositories and Publication Services comprises the following services:
The DINI Certificate essentially serves two superior goals:
The DINI Certificate with its underlying catalog of criteria facilitates reaching these goals in the following manner:
The DINI Certificate’s catalog of criteria and the certification process based on it aim at Open Access Repositories and Publishing Services and their inherent core components and processes. Operators and providers of the Open Access repositories and publication services looked at in this document are primarily scientific institutions (universities, universities of applied sciences, research institutions etc.) and organizations (professional associations), but also non-commercial and commercial publishing entities that publish Open Access. Open Access repositories and publication services in this sense must be addressed and described with the kinds of publications they are intended for in mind (institutional, disciplinary, and formal aspects). They are characterized by the following core processes:
The following core components realize or support the abovementioned core processes.
Technical and organizational implementations of Open Access repositories and publication services can vary greatly with regard to the allocation of responsibilities and equally with regard to the integration in a larger, comprehensive infrastructure (stand-alone services with an individual installation of a repository or journal-processing software; use of hosting services of an internal or external service provider; integration into other elements of an institutional information infrastructure, e.g. research information systems, campus management, institutional bibliographies). However, basis for a service’s evaluation and certification are the relevant processes and components to provide the service. Even if a repository or publication service is technically and organizationally integrated into a comprehensive infrastructure, the certificate can “disassociate” itself from the actual implementation and rely on its catalog of criteria.